Mustang The Land of Hidden Valley :Mustang refers to the arid Tibet like region at the North end of the Kali Gandaki (Name of the river) (Mustang The Land of Hidden Valley | Community Based Tour Operator of Nepal |
MEANING OF MUSTANG:
Generally, the name Mustang refers to the arid Tibet like region at the North end of the Kali Gandaki (Name of the river) which is known to its inhabitant’s mispronunciations of the name of the capital of Lo, the city of Manthang. The name is pronounced ‘MOO-STANG’ and has nothing to do with either the vehicle or private horse with a similar name. Officially, Mustang designates the district along the Kali Gandaki from the Tibetan border south to Ghasa. The capital of Mustang district is Jomsom, the region of Tibetan influence north of Kagbani is generally referred to as Upper Mustang. Upper Mustang consists of two district regions, five southern villages of people related to the Manangis and the ancient kingdom of Lo where the language, culture and traditions are almost purely Tibetan. The capital of lo is named Manthang, which translates from the Tibetan as ‘plain of aspiration’. Many texts refer to the capital as lomanthang but some are only correct. Other texts spell the name of the kingdom as lho, but this is a transliteration of the Tibetan word for South and is also incorrect. Thus the portion of the Upper Mustang district from Samar north is lo and its capital is Manthang .The king of lo is the lo gyelbu, through I will use the Nepalese term raja here. To avoid total confusion with existing maps and texts, I will also refer to the capital of lo as lo-manthang. Mustang has been described as a thumb- like part of Nepal extending into Tibet. Yet, on the map it is hardly a bump in Nepal’s northern border. At 1960s there was a controversy between Nepal and china over the ownership of Mount Everest. This resulted in extended negotiations and the Chinese Nepalese boundary treaty of 1963 that completely redefined Nepal’s northern frontier. Nepal gained a considerable amount of territory to the east and west of the old boundaries in mustang, so the protrusion of mustang into Tibet became much less pronounced.
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